Table of contents:
- Treatment of a hematoma on the leg after injury
- First aid
- Traditional methods
- When do you need to see a doctor
Video: Hematoma On The Leg After A Bruise: Home Treatment
2023 Author: Rachel Wainwright | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 11:01
Treatment of a hematoma on the leg after injury
The content of the article:
- First aid
- Heparin ointment
- Other external remedies
- Potato compress
- Cabbage compress
- Egg compress
- Horse chestnut tincture
- When do you need to see a doctor
Treatment of a hematoma on the leg after a bruise in most cases is carried out at home. For this, both medicines and methods of traditional medicine are used.
A hematoma on the leg most often occurs due to injury - bruise, fall, blow
Hematoma is the result of rupture of small vessels, as a result of which blood accumulates in the subcutaneous tissues, forming a bruise. In the area of the legs, they heal much longer than on the hands. Bruising occurs more often in women than in men.
Often, hematomas of soft tissues after injury are formed in the elderly, since their vessels become fragile, and the tissues lose their elasticity. In most cases, the presence of a bruise is not a cause for concern, since it has nothing to do with the formation of blood clots.
The hematoma disappears on its own within 3-4 weeks. In this case, the bruise changes its color from black and blue to yellow-green or red-blue. You can even see it in the photo.
If you bruise your leg, immediately after the injury, a cold object must be applied to the injury site. For these purposes, you can use ice, frozen food from the freezer, or a towel soaked in cold water. The result of this effect is vasoconstriction in the area of injury. In this case, the bleeding stops quickly, so the bruise stops growing.
First aid for bruises is exposure to cold.
The exposure to cold should not last more than 20 minutes, as this can damage soft tissues. The procedure can be repeated several times. The patient needs to reduce physical activity and the load on the affected limb.
If the hematoma reaches a large size and causes pain, drugs based on serratiopeptidase (Serrata, Movinase, Serox) will help get rid of it in a short time. The active ingredient is an enzyme isolated from non-pathogenic intestinal bacteria. It has fibrinolytic, anti-inflammatory and anti-edema and analgesic effects.
These are drugs for internal use. They are taken 1 tablet 2-3 times a day. The dosage and duration of treatment depends on the nature of the pathological process and is determined by the doctor individually. You can not carry out therapy with increased sensitivity to the components of the drug and blood clotting disorders.
If the hematoma is caused by severe muscle or joint damage, surgery may be needed.
There are a large number of ointments, the active ingredient of which is sodium heparin: Lyoton, Venosan, Heparil, Dioflan, Liothromb, Liogel. These are direct-acting anticoagulants that quickly eliminate swelling and reduce pain. The drugs in this series dissolve blood clots and quickly cope with injuries.
Products containing sodium heparin are used 2-3 times a day
Heparin ointment is applied to the bruise and rubbed gently. The procedure is repeated 2-3 times a day, depending on the severity of the condition, until the hematoma resolves. Treatment can last from 3 to 10 days. The ointment is practically not absorbed into the bloodstream and has no systemic effect.
It is not recommended to use it with hypersensitivity to components or bleeding disorders. Do not apply the product to open wounds.
For the treatment of hematomas at home, you can use troxerutin-based ointments: Troxevasin, Troxerutin, Troxegel, Phleboton. The active substance is a mixture of bioflavonoids that penetrate the venous walls, strengthen them and improve microcirculation. The drug quickly removes edema and relieves pain.
For bruises, the use of external agents with troxerutin is effective
In order to get rid of bruising on the leg, troxerutin ointments are applied in the morning and in the evening and rubbed in with light massage movements. The duration of treatment is 5 to 10 days.
If the hematoma reaches a large size and causes pain, Dolobene gel will help get rid of it. This is a combined agent that includes sodium heparin, dimethyl sulfoxide and dexpanthenol. They have anti-inflammatory, anti-edema and analgesic effects, as well as accelerate tissue regeneration.
Dolobene is a combined preparation with anti-inflammatory, decongestant and analgesic effects
The gel is applied to the damaged area in a thin layer and rubbed easily. If there is an abrasion on the surface of the bruise, then lubricate with a product around it. The drug is used 2 to 4 times a day. The effect of its use becomes noticeable on the second day.
Do not use Dolobene for severe violations of liver and kidney function, during pregnancy and lactation, and with severe violations of the cardiovascular system. The gel is not applied to open wounds or trophic ulcers; it is also not recommended to use it in case of blood clotting disorders.
Dimethyl sulfoxide solution is an inexpensive and effective remedy that can help you quickly deal with bruising and swelling. The drug has anti-inflammatory, analgesic and decongestant effects.
Compresses with Dimexidum are used to treat bruises.
To prepare a compress, add one spoonful of Dimexidum to four tablespoons of water. A small piece of tissue is impregnated with the agent, applied to the affected area and fixed with a bandage. This compress is left overnight. The procedure is done daily until the improvement occurs.
Compresses with Dimexide can be used if the skin is damaged. Since the substance is a good conductor, with strong pain in the area of the hematoma, one part of the water can be replaced with a solution of novocaine.
Badiaga is a local irritant obtained from a sponge of freshwater coelenterates, the skeleton of which consists of silica bound by organic matter with spongin. Silicon needles irritate the skin, thereby significantly improving blood circulation and quickly eliminating bruising.
Before use, Badyagi powder should be diluted with water
The powder is diluted with warm boiled water to obtain a slurry. It is applied to the area of the bruise and rubbed in for 20 minutes (hands must be in gloves). After the product dries slightly, it is washed off. To get rid of a hematoma, 2-3 procedures are enough.
Other external remedies
In the event that there are no other medicines at hand, you can fix the problem with ointments or suppositories for hemorrhoids. They also act quickly enough.
The ointment is applied to the damaged area 2-3 times a day. The candle must first be held in your hands for several minutes in order for it to melt, and then lubricate the surface of the hematoma.
Treatment of a hematoma on the leg after a bruise with folk remedies allows you to quickly get rid of the bruise and eliminate pain.
In order to quickly fix the problem, it is necessary to peel the potatoes and grate them on a fine grater. The resulting gruel is applied to the bruise and secured with a bandage. Remove such a compress after two hours. The starch, which is rich in potatoes, helps to quickly get rid of hematoma. The procedure is carried out daily until the bruise disappears.
For hematomas, potatoes or potato starch are used
You can also use starch itself to treat bruising at home. The powder is diluted with warm water to a gruel state and applied to the damaged area. Leave it to dry completely, then wash off. 3-4 procedures are enough to treat a bruise.
It is necessary to take a leaf of cabbage from the middle of the head of cabbage and carefully beat it off with the blunt side of a knife or a hammer for meat. A thin layer of honey is applied to the surface. The sheet is applied to the site of injury, secured with a bandage and left overnight. The procedure is carried out daily, until the hematoma disappears.
You can apply a cabbage leaf to the site of the injury
You can also make a compress in another way. For this, cabbage leaves are crushed using a blender, turning them into gruel, which is mixed with a small amount of honey. The agent is wrapped in gauze, applied to the damaged area and fixed with a bandage. You need to wear it for 6-8 hours. Changes will be noticeable after the second procedure.
The sooner you use such a remedy, the smaller the hematoma will be. A raw fresh chicken egg is beaten and applied to the damaged area. After it dries without washing off the previous layer, the procedure is repeated. This helps to quickly cope with subcutaneous hemorrhage and reduce pain.
For bruises, the use of chicken eggs is effective
In order to enhance the effect, some traditional healers advise adding one teaspoon of salt and a little dry mustard to the egg. This will speed up the tissue regeneration process.
Aloe-based medicines are effective in cases where the hematoma is combined with minor skin damage. To prepare the product, the leaves of the plant are crushed and squeezed out with gauze (you need a tablespoon of it).
Aloe juice can be used for hematomas with skin lesions
Aloe juice is mixed with half a teaspoon of liquid honey. A small piece of tissue is impregnated with this solution and applied to the injury. The compress is left for three hours, then removed. The procedure is repeated twice a day.
Horse chestnut tincture
In order to prepare the remedy at home, ripe horse chestnut fruits are thoroughly crushed and placed in a glass jar to half. Then fill it to the top with vodka and leave it in a dark place for a day. Tincture with a cotton swab is applied to the bruise 3-5 times a day.
For treatment, you can use a tincture of horse chestnut fruit
After the tincture has stood for a month, it must be filtered. Store such a product in the refrigerator for two years. It can also be used to treat varicose veins.
When do you need to see a doctor
Despite the fact that a hematoma on the leg does not pose a particular danger, it still sometimes needs to be shown to a doctor. The reason for a visit to a traumatologist should be:
|Local symptoms||Severe damage to the skin in the area of the hematoma; pulsation at the site of the bruise; a rapid increase in bruising in size; severe pain|
|Common symptoms||Increased body temperature|
|Musculoskeletal disorders||Impaired mobility of the joint near which the bruise is located; impaired mobility of the fingers in cases where the bruise is localized in the area of the foot or bone|
If the bruising on the leg is not associated with a bruise or other injury, you should seek the advice of a hematologist.
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Anna Kozlova Medical journalist About the author
Education: Rostov State Medical University, specialty "General Medicine".
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