Table of contents:
- Medicines for laryngitis in adults and children
- Laryngitis symptoms
- Hormonal drugs
- Topical products
- Medicines for cough laryngitis
Video: Medicines For Laryngitis In Adults And Children: Drugs, Reviews
2023 Author: Rachel Wainwright | [email protected]. Last modified: 2023-05-24 11:01
Medicines for laryngitis in adults and children
The content of the article:
- Laryngitis symptoms
- Medicines for cough laryngitis
Medicines for laryngitis in adults and children help quickly get rid of the symptoms of the disease and prevent complications. Medication should be started when the first signs appear. As a rule, this allows you to cure the disease at an early stage at home. If the condition worsens, it is necessary to seek advice from an otolaryngologist or therapist.
To quickly relieve the symptoms of laryngitis, it is necessary to carry out drug therapy
Laryngitis is a condition in which the lining of the larynx becomes inflamed. Damage to the vocal cords leads to problems with the voice. Laryngitis is most commonly caused by viruses or bacteria. In some cases, the cause of its development is an allergic reaction, less often - injuries or autoimmune diseases.
The following signs indicate the presence of the disease:
- weakness, lethargy, sometimes increased body temperature;
- mild pain and sore throat;
- change in the timbre of the voice, hoarseness, hoarseness, sometimes complete loss of voice;
- barking cough that gets worse at night; at the stage of recovery, it is replaced by a cough with phlegm.
With proper and timely therapy, the improvement of the condition occurs on the 3-5th day, a complete cure is noted, as a rule, within two weeks. The neglected form of acute laryngitis usually becomes chronic.
Laryngitis is especially dangerous for infants, as edema can cause breathing problems. The child begins to choke, throws his head back, the veins in his neck swell.
If you do not provide timely assistance, convulsions and loss of consciousness are possible. Breathing problems can be fatal, so if dangerous symptoms are detected, you must immediately call emergency help.
If the inflammatory process in the larynx in an adult or child is accompanied by severe tissue edema and difficulty in breathing, hormonal drugs are used to quickly eliminate the attack.
The active substance of Pulmicort is budesonide. It is a corticosteroid with a strong local anti-inflammatory effect. The drug is prescribed for the treatment of tracheobronchitis (croup), in which the child's breathing is impaired.
Pulmicort has a pronounced local anti-inflammatory effect
Pulmicort for laryngitis in children is used only as directed by a doctor. According to patient reviews, this is a very effective remedy that allows you to quickly relieve swelling and reduce inflammation. However, it practically does not cause side effects.
For croup in a child, 2 mg of sprayed budesonide is prescribed in one or two applications. The drug is administered every 12 hours. The duration of therapy is 36 hours. Treatment with Pulmicort is carried out using a nebulizer. The agent is preliminarily diluted with a 0.9% sodium chloride solution.
The active ingredient of the drug is dexamethasone sodium phosphate. It has anti-inflammatory properties, eliminates allergic reactions and prevents the development of re-sensitization. The tool acts on the affected tissues, stops wheezing and reduces edema, and also accelerates the formation and excretion of phlegm, which makes it possible to quickly get rid of dry cough.
Dexamethasone has anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic properties
Dexamethasone is prescribed for severe forms of the disease, which are characterized by the presence of laryngeal edema and bronchial wheezing. Such drugs for laryngitis are allowed to be used from ten months, while the dosage is calculated individually. Most often, the drug is prescribed in the form of inhalations, which are carried out using a nebulizer. Previously, the medicine is diluted with saline. Children are usually assigned two procedures per day, and adults - three.
If the respiratory function is impaired, Dexamethasone is administered intramuscularly.
For laryngitis, topical medications (in the form of tablets, lozenges or lozenges, gargles) are indicated to eliminate pain and sore throat, reduce inflammation and swelling, and restore voice. When used at the initial stage of the disease, they contribute to a rapid recovery, and later they are used in complex treatment.
How to gargle with laryngitis? Of the pharmaceuticals, the most effective and safe solution is Furacilin. For its preparation, one tablet is dissolved in 100 ml of boiling water.
Also can be applied:
- Chlorophyllipt solution;
- tincture of calendula or propolis;
- Tantum Verde.
The active ingredient of Isla Moos and Isla Mint is an aqueous extract of Icelandic moss. It has antimicrobial activity and has an immunostimulating effect. The drug eliminates hoarseness, cough and moisturizes the mucous membrane of the oropharynx.
Isla preparations have a local antimicrobial and immunostimulating effect
The tool can be used not only for treatment, but also for the prevention of laryngitis for people with increased stress on the vocal cords.
The dosage regimen is age-specific. According to reviews, the drug helps well in the initial stages of the disease and practically does not cause side effects.
Contraindications include hypersensitivity to the components of the drug and children under 4 years of age. For pregnant and lactating women with laryngitis, the drug should be used in minimal doses.
Septolete contains benzydamine hydrochloride and cetylpyridinium chloride, as well as eucalyptus oil. The drug belongs to antiseptics, it relieves inflammation, redness and swelling, and also has analgesic properties. Septolete acts on certain types of viruses, fungi (Candida) and bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus). It is used to treat laryngitis in children over 6 years old and in adults.
Septolete is one of the commonly prescribed drugs for the treatment of laryngitis
Do not use Septolete immediately before or after brushing your teeth, since the anionic compounds contained in the pastes neutralize the effect of the drug.
It is not recommended to use this remedy for laryngitis in case of hypersensitivity to its components, pregnancy and breastfeeding, as well as in the presence of wounds in the mouth. According to reviews of patients taking medication for the treatment of laryngitis, Septolete helps to quickly stop the symptoms of the disease.
Decatilen contains dequalinium chloride and dibucaine. The medicine has a wide spectrum of action and is active against bacteria, fungi, spirochetes and other pathogenic microorganisms that cause the development of the disease. It also has an analgesic effect.
Decatilene promotes rapid relief of pain in the throat and is active against certain bacteria
You can not take the drug if you are hypersensitive to its components, during pregnancy and lactation. According to patient reviews, Decatilen allows you to quickly eliminate pain and hoarseness.
If the cause of the laryngitis is a bacterial infection, antibiotics are used to treat it. In order to identify the causative agent of the disease and determine its sensitivity to antibacterial drugs, bacteriological inoculation is carried out.
Protected penicillins are usually prescribed for bacterial laryngitis
The following means can be prescribed:
- penicillins: Ampicillin, Amoxil, Amoxiclav, Augmentin, Amoxicillin;
- cephalosporins: Ceftriaxone, Cefixime, Emsef, Efmerin, Zinnat;
- macrolides: Azithromycin, Sumamed, Clarithromycin;
- fluoroquinolones: Levofloxacin, Ofloxacin.
In milder forms of the disease, antibiotics are prescribed in the form of tablets or suspensions, but if the symptoms of the disease are pronounced, drugs for intramuscular or intravenous administration are prescribed.
It is not recommended to use antibiotics on your own, since in most cases, laryngitis is caused by viruses that are not influenced by drugs in this group.
In order for antibiotic therapy to be effective, you must adhere to the following recommendations:
- observe the frequency of administration, do not change the independently prescribed dose of the drug;
- follow the recommendations that are indicated in the instructions (take the remedy before or after meals);
- do not reduce the duration of use, even if the manifestations of the disease have decreased;
- do not interrupt the course of antibiotic therapy, as this can lead to the bacteria losing sensitivity to the antibiotic.
Medicines for cough laryngitis
For the treatment of cough, drugs of two groups are used:
- antitussives: they affect the cough center, suppress dry cough (Sinekod, Glauvent, Tusuprex, Codterpin);
- expectorants: reduce the viscosity of sputum, are prescribed in the second stage of the disease, when the cough becomes wet (ACC, Lazolvan, Bromhexin, Ambroxol).
Lazolvan for coughing is often used in the form of inhalation
Lazolvan with laryngitis is used with caution and only if sputum leaves when coughing. According to patient reviews, inhalation with this drug gives a good effect.
One of the best remedies for dry cough is Erespal. The active substance of the drug is fenspiride. It has anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and anti-allergic effects, and also prevents the development of bronchospasm. Erespal can be taken not only by adults, but also by children under 3 years old.
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Anna Kozlova Medical journalist About the author
Education: Rostov State Medical University, specialty "General Medicine".
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