Table of contents:
- Composition and release form of Oxytetracycline
- Pharmacological action of Oxytetracycline
- Indications for use
- Instructions for the use of Oxytetracycline
- Side effects of Oxytetracycline
Video: Oxytetracycline - Instructions For Use, Indications, Doses
Instructions for use:
- 1. Composition and form of release
- 2. Pharmacological action
- 3. Indications for use
- 4. Instructions for use
- 5. Contraindications
- 6. Side effects
Oxytetracycline is an antibacterial drug from the group of antibiotics. The drug is effective for the treatment of infectious diseases and viral lesions of various organs, as well as for the elimination of pathogenic microflora in the respiratory tract and genitourinary system.
Composition and release form of Oxytetracycline
The main active ingredient is Oxytetracycline 100 mg.
Auxiliary components: sodium chloride, povidone, benzoate hydroxide, ethanolamide and purified water.
The drug is produced in the form of a sterile solution in vials of 10-20 ml and capsules of 0.25 g in cartons of 10 pcs.
Pharmacological action of Oxytetracycline
Oxytetracycline has a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity. The drug effectively destroys the following bacteria and viruses: Bacillus anthracis, Yersinia pestis, Bartonella, Streptococcus, Vibrio cholerae, Brucella, Chlamydia, Treponema, etc.
Oxytetracycline acts on microbes and viruses at the cellular level, eliminating foci of infection and relieving the inflammatory process. The drug acts directly on the synthesis of proteins of pathogenic microorganisms, blocks the connection of amino acids with the peptide chain, which interrupts the multiplication of cells of microorganisms.
Indications for use
The indications for the use of Oxytetracycline are infectious diseases of various etiologies, including pneumonia and other respiratory tract infections by the bacteria Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae.
Also, the drug is prescribed for infections of the genitourinary system (gonorrhea at the initial stage, syphilis, etc.), infectious lesions of the skin, complicated stomatitis, conjunctivitis, intestinal infections, trachoma, tropical yaws.
Instructions for the use of Oxytetracycline
According to the instructions, Oxytetracycline for adults is prescribed 3-4 times a day at 0.25 g, and for complicated infectious diseases, the dosage is 3-4 doses per day for 0.5 g. The maximum daily dose of the drug should not exceed 4 g.
In accordance with the recommendations of the attending physician, for brucellosis, gonorrhea at the initial stage and syphilis, Oxytetracycline should be taken 0.5 g every 6 hours for 14-20 days. In the late stage of syphilis, the duration of treatment is 30 days.
Instruction Oxytetracycline prescribes to take the drug with caution in patients with renal and hepatic insufficiency. For them, the dosage should not exceed 0.25 g per day.
Due to the presence of CA2 + in the composition of the drug, it is possible, when taken orally, to stain the teeth in yellow, as well as to damage the enamel.
With prolonged use of Oxytetracycline, the symptoms of syphilis may disappear into a latent form, so additional tests are needed.
For the prevention of vitamin deficiency, vitamins K and B should be prescribed in combination with the drug.
The main contraindications for taking Oxytetracycline are intolerance and hypersensitivity to the components of the drug, pregnancy and breastfeeding, age up to 10 years, mycosis.
The drug is prescribed with caution in old age and in patients with impaired liver and kidney function.
Side effects of Oxytetracycline
Side effects of Oxytetracycline are vomiting, diarrhea, nausea, dizziness, glossitis, Quincke's edema, increased photosensitivity, thrombocytosis, high blood pressure and anemia.
In some cases, when taking the drug, allergic reactions are possible: skin rashes, itching, burning, increased eosinophils in the blood.
With a long course of treatment with Oxytetracycline, the concentration of urea in the blood may increase, as well as the occurrence of avitaminosis and hyperbilirubinemia.
Information about the drug is generalized, provided for informational purposes only and does not replace the official instructions. Self-medication is hazardous to health!